Acute gastritis is an acute inflammation of the gastric mucosa that occurs due to short exposure to inflammation. It can be like junk food (fast food, fried, spicy, salty, etc.), drugs, foods that increase the acidity of the stomach, etc. It is worth noting that stress often becomes the cause of an ulcer.
According to 2019 statistics, more than 60% of the global population suffers from gastritis in mild or acute forms.
Types of acute gastritis
There are several types of acute gastritis: catarrhal, fibrinous, corrosive, and phlegmonous gastritis.
- Catarrhal gastritis
This is acute gastritis, characterized by the accumulation of leukocytes in the gastric mucosa, inflammatory redness, and partial damage to the surface of the stomach. It occurs mainly with poor nutrition and food poisoning – these are external, so-called exogenous factors. Internal factors include infectious diseases accompanied by general intoxication: influenza, measles, typhus, pneumonia, scarlet fever, and diphtheria.
- Fibrinous gastritis (or diphtheria)
Acute gastritis, characterized by inflammation of the mucosa due to severe infection. It develops in severe infectious diseases, in case of poisoning with sublimate, acids. Occurs very rarely. This type of gastritis causes the formation of films containing fibrin proteins in the gastric mucosa.
- Corrosive gastritis
Acute gastritis, which is characterized by severe damage and tissue death, develops as a result of the ingestion of concentrated acids or alkalis, and salts of heavy metals into the stomach.
Causes of acute gastritis
The main cause of gastritis is the bacterium Helicobacter pylori. It can cause irritation and inflammation of the gastric mucosa and maintain this condition. Also, the bacterium causes indigestion and damage to its tissues. It is noteworthy that this infection spreads from person to person.
Other causes of acute gastritis include:
- Wrong diet;
- Abuse of salty, spicy, fried, and fatty can also provoke gastritis;
- Alcohol abuse;
- Long-term use of drugs that irritate the gastric mucosa, including aspirin;
Symptoms of acute gastritis
Each type of acute gastritis has its specific symptoms. Let’s take a closer look.
1. Symptoms of catarrhal gastritis
Symptoms of Caterhal Gastritis are of 2 types:
External symptoms: first there is a feeling of pressure and heaviness in the epigastric region, combined with nausea, salivation, and an unpleasant taste in the mouth. Soon there are pains in the stomach area, at the peak of pain, vomiting occurs. The characteristic of acute exogenous gastritis is a violation of the motor function of the stomach, which can be examined non-invasively using electrogastrography. Gastroscopy at the height of the disease is tolerated by the patient with difficulty, therefore, it almost does not find application.
Internal symptoms: manifested mainly by signs of general intoxication of the body – weakness, loss of appetite, nausea.
2. Symptoms of fibrinous gastritis
This type of disease is quite rare. The symptoms are similar to catarrhal gastritis. The main distinguishing feature is the formation of a film on the inner wall of the stomach.
3. Symptoms of corrosive gastritis
The disease is severe. Following the intake of a poisonous substance, pains appear in the mouth, along the esophagus, and in the epigastric region. There is a lot of saliva, brown liquid makes vomiting, speech, and swallowing annoying. The study of gastric secretion at the height of the disease reveals either low acidity or a complete absence of acid. With an optimal result, the juice restores secretion.
Diagnosis of the disease
Diagnosing any disease, including the acute form of gastritis, can only be a specialist, i.e. doctor. It is impossible to make a diagnosis on your own.
First, you need to conduct tests; secondly, if necessary, do a gastroscopy. The doctor will conduct an examination, and prescribe tests and all necessary procedures. And only after prescribes treatment and diet.
In the arsenal of diagnostic procedures, there is a breath urease test. The patient drinks a special liquid and then exhales into a special device.
A stool test helps to find antibodies to the bacterium Helibacter pylori.
A complete blood count also helps determine the antibodies of the bacterium Helibacter pylori.
Complications of acute gastritis
If gastritis is not treated, it can cause a serious problem. Among them:
- Erosion of the stomach – May cause bleeding the stomach.
- Atrophy of the walls of the stomach – The death of normal stomach cells and their replacement with others. This, in turn, can lead to neoplasm and the development of cancer.
- Stomach ulcer – Serious damage to the walls of the stomach and the release of acid.
See Also: What Is Catarrhal Gastritis?
Treatment of acute gastritis of the stomach
Treatment of acute gastritis in the initial stage begins with gastric lavage. During the first two days of illness should refrain from eating. The doctor prescribes drug therapy based on the severity of the disease. The diet is gradually expanding. First, slimy salted soups are prescribed with a small amount of butter. In the following days, pureed cereals, kissels, meat soufflé, fish and chicken dumplings, and fruit jellies are added. It takes about two weeks to transform into a normal diet.
Treatment of fibrinous gastritis is to treat the underlying disease.
Treatment of corrosive gastritis begins with the rapid removal of the toxic substance from the stomach. The second most important task is the fight against shock and acute vascular insufficiency. Then a set of measures is carried out aimed at detoxifying the body and counteracting metabolic shifts.
Folk remedies for acute gastritis cannot be cured. The main task during treatment is the destruction of the bacterium Helibacter pylori. Not a single folk remedy can cope with this without causing more harm to the body.
The main thing that must be observed for the prevention of acute gastritis is hygiene. Regular hand washing with soap and water. Thorough washing of fruits and vegetables. Foods cooked for nutrition should be given priority. It is advisable to consume less spicy, fatty, fried, soda, very salty, and hard foods.
In addition, the basic rules of comprehensive preventive measures will not be superfluous:
- Diet, including restrictions on the use of coffee and other harmful drinks;
- Compliance with hygiene rules;
- Normalization of acidity, as well as the balance between gastric juice and the protective environment;
- Reduction of mental and psychological stress, avoidance of stress;
- Rejection of bad habits;
- Timely diagnosis and treatment of gastrointestinal diseases;
- Periodic medical examinations;
- Healthy eating;
- Favorable living conditions and regular wet cleaning indoors;
- Physical activity;
- Normalization of sleep and daily routine.
In a word, in no case should you forget about your stomach. Diseases of the digestive system can lead to very deplorable consequences. Therefore, do not forget about proper nutrition and be healthy!