Antisocial personality disorder, Which is sometimes referred to as sociopathy, is a mental condition in which a person constantly shows no relation to right and wrong and ignores the rights and feelings of others. People with antisocial personality disorder, as a rule, antagonism, manipulate, or treat others harshly or callous indifference. They show no guilt or remorse for their behavior.
Individuals with an antisocial personality disorder often break the law and become criminals. In addition, they may lie, behave violently or impulsively, and have problems with drugs and alcohol. Because of these characteristics, people with this disorder usually can not perform family, work, or school duties.
Antisocial personality disorder signs and symptoms may include:
- Failure of right and wrong
- Persistent lying or deception, to use other
- To be callous, cynical, and disrespectful of other
- Using charm and wit to manipulate others for personal gain or personal pleasure
- Arrogance, a sense of superiority, and being extremely opinionated
- Recurring trouble with the law, including criminal behavior
- Several times violating the rights of others through intimidation and dishonesty
- Impulsivity or failure to plan ahead
- Hostility, significant irritability, agitation, aggression, or violence
- Lack of empathy for others and lack of remorse for harming others
- Unnecessary risky behavior, not paying attention to the safety of self or others
- Bad or abusive relationship
- Failure to take into account the negative consequences of the behavior or learn from them
- Being consistently irresponsible and repeatedly missing work or financial liabilities
Adults with antisocial personality disorder usually manifested symptoms of conduct disorder before the age of 15. The disorder signs and symptoms include severe, persistent behavior problems such as:
- Aggression toward people and animals
- Destruction of property
- Serious violations of rules
Although APD is seen throughout life, in some people, specific symptoms – particularly destructive and criminal behavior – can be reduced over time. But it is not clear that this reduction is a result of aging or increased awareness of the consequences of anti-social behavior.
When to see a doctor
People with APD are likely to seek care only at the insistence of relatives. If you suspect that a friend or family member may have a disorder, you can gently suggest that people consult a doctor, since the physician or mental health specialist.
Personality is a combination of thoughts, emotions, and behaviors that make each unique. This is how people see, understand, and relate to the outside world and see themselves. Personality forms during childhood are formed by the interaction of inherited tendencies and environmental factors.
The exact cause of antisocial personality disorder is not known, but:
- Genes may make you prone to the development of antisocial personality disorder – and life situations can trigger its development
- Changes in brain function can result from the way during brain development
Several factors appear to increase the risk of developing an antisocial personality disorder, such as:
- Diagnosis of childhood disorders
- Family history of APD or personality disorder or other mental illness
- Being subjected to abuse or neglect in childhood
- Unstable, violent, or chaotic family life in childhood
Men are at greater risk of having antisocial personality disorder than women.
Complications effects and problems antisocial personality disorder may include, for example:
- Abuse of a spouse or child abuse or neglect
- Alcohol or substance abuse
- While in jail or prison
- Homicidal or suicidal behavior
- The presence of other mental disorders, such as depression or anxiety
- Low social and economic status and homelessness
- Gang involvement
- Premature death, usually as a result of violence
People with antisocial personality disorder are unlikely to believe that they need help. However, they can seek help from their health care provider because of other symptoms, such as depression, anxiety, or anger, or substance abuse treatment.
People with an APD may not provide an accurate account of the signs and symptoms. A critical factor in diagnosing as the victim has to others. With the permission of the family and friends, they may be able to provide helpful information.
After a medical examination to rule out other diseases, the doctor can refer to a mental health specialist for further evaluation.
The diagnosis of antisocial personality disorder, as a rule, is based on:
- Psychological assessment, which examines the thoughts, feelings, attitudes, behaviors, and family history
- Personal and medical history
- The symptoms listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, published by the American Psychiatric Association
Although antisocial personality disorder is usually not diagnosed before age 18, some signs and symptoms can appear in childhood or early adolescence. However, as a rule, there is evidence of conduct disorder symptoms before 15 years.
Definition of antisocial personality disorder early can help improve long-term results.
Although APD is difficult to treat, for some people, treatment and close monitoring, in the long run, may prove to be helpful. Look for medical and mental health professionals with expertise in the treatment of antisocial personality disorder.
Treatment depends on the specific situation of each person, their willingness to participate in medicine, and the severity of symptoms.
Psychotherapy – Psychotherapy, also known as talk therapy, is sometimes used to treat antisocial personality disorder. Therapy may include, for example, anger management and violence, addiction treatment, and treatment for other mental health conditions.
But therapy is not always practical, especially if symptoms are severe, and the person can not be denied that they contribute to challenging problems.
Medicines – There are no drugs specifically approved by the Office of the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of APD. Doctors can prescribe medication for conditions sometimes associated with APD, such as anxiety or depression or aggression symptoms. The drugs are usually prescribed with caution because some have the potential for abuse.
If a medical examination eliminates the physical reasons for your behavior, your primary care physician can make a referral to a psychiatrist.
Take a family member or friend along to your appointment, if possible. With your permission, someone who knows you may answer questions or share information with your doctor that you do not think to bring up for a long time.
What can you do
Before the appointment, make a list:
- There are symptoms that you or your family has seen and how long
- The key is personal and medical information, including current physical or mental health, personal or family history of mental illness, traumatic experiences, or significant stress factors
- All the medications you are taking, including the names and doses of any drugs, herbs, vitamins, or other additives
- Questions you want to ask your doctor
To make the most of your appointment.
Examples of questions you can ask your doctor include:?
- What is likely causing my symptoms
- What are other possible causes
- How can I expect my symptoms to improve with treatment?
- What treatments are most likely to be effective for me?
- How often will I need treatment, and for how long?
- Whether Are there medicines that can help?
- If so, what are the possible side effects?
- Is there an alternative to the traditional medicines you ordering?
- Are there any printed materials I can have?
- What sites do you recommend?
Feel free to ask any other questions during your appointment.
What can we expect from your doctor?
Examples of questions to ask your doctor may include:?
- What are your symptoms?
- When you or your family first noticed these symptoms
- As your symptoms are affecting your life?
- With relatives or friends express concern about your behavior?
- Do you have any close relationships?
- Have you ever thought about harming yourself or others? Have you ever actually done it?
- If you are not satisfied with work, school, or relationships that you think is your problem?
- Have any of your close relatives have been diagnosed or treated for mental illness?
Be prepared to answer these questions, to reserve time to go over the points you want to spend more time on
Skills for family members
People with APD often act and make other people miserable – without a sense of remorse. If you have a loved one with antisocial personality disorder, it is essential that you can also get help for yourself.
Mental health professionals can teach you the skills to learn how to set boundaries and to help protect yourself against aggression, violence, and anger are common for APD. They can also recommend strategies for coping with stress.
See a mental health specialist who has training and experience in the management of APD. Ask your loved one’s treatment team for directions. They may also be able to recommend a support group for families and friends affected by APD.
There’s no sure way to prevent APD from developing countries in those at risk. However, because antisocial behavior is believed to have its roots in childhood, parents, teachers, and pediatricians may detect early signs. In addition, it may help identify those most at risk, such as children who show signs of behavioral disorders, and then o, offer early intervention.
In the early, effective, and appropriate discipline, lessons in behavior modification, social skills and problem-solving, parent training, family therapy, and psychotherapy can help reduce the likelihood that at-risk children go on to become adults with APD.