What Is Body Dysmorphic Disorder?

Body dysmorphic disorder is a mental disorder in which you can not stop thinking about one or more of the perceived defects or flaws in your appearance – a shortcoming that, to other people, is either minor or not observed. But you can feel so ashamed and worried that you can avoid many social situations.

If you have body dysmorphic disorder, you are very fixated on your appearance, including body image, constantly checking the mirror, courting, or looking for comfort, sometimes for many hours every day. Your lack of perceived and repetitive behaviors causes you significant distress and affects your ability to function in your daily life.
You can look for numerous beauty treatments to try to ‘fix’ your perceived shortcoming. Then you may feel temporary satisfaction but often returns to the alarm, and you can resume the search for a way to fix your perceived weakness.

Treatment of disorders of the body changes in size and shape may include cognitive-behavioral therapy and medication.

Body dysmorphic disorder


Body Dysmorphic Disorder symptoms

Signs and symptoms Body dysmorphic disorder include:

  • It is perceived defect in appearance very concerned that others can not see or appear insignificant.
  • A strong belief that you have a defect in your appearance that makes you ugly or damaged
  • The belief that others pay particular attention to their appearance in a negative way or mock you
  • Risky behavior to fix or hide the perceived flaw is hard to resist or control, such as frequently checking the mirror, courting, or skin picking.
  • Hide the perceived shortcomings with the laying, makeup, or clothes.
  • They are always looking for confidence in their appearance from others.
  • Have perfectionist tendencies
  • Are you looking for frequent cosmetic procedures with a small amount of satisfaction?
  • Avoiding social situations
  • Being so obsessed with appearance causes severe pain or problems in your social life, work, study, or other areas of functioning.


You can get hung up on one or more parts of your body. The function that you focus on may change over time. The most common features of people are obsessed with include:

  • A person, such as a nose, complexion, wrinkles, acne, and other defects
  • Hair, such as appearance, thinning, and baldness
  • Skin and vein appearance
  • Breast size
  • Muscle tone and size
  • Genitals

Insight on BDD changes, You can find out what you think about your alleged shortcomings can not be true, think they are probably true, or be convinced that they are true.

Body dysmorphic disorder usually begins in early adolescence, and it affects both men and women. However, the obsession with the body being too small about not having enough muscle occurs almost exclusively in males.


When to see a doctor

Shame and embarrassment about your appearance can keep you from going to body dysmorphic disorder. But if you have any signs or symptoms, contact your doctor or a specialist in the field of mental health.

Body dysmorphic disorder usually is not better itself. If left untreated, it may worsen with time, leading to severe depression, anxiety, extensive medical bills, and suicidal thoughts and behavior.


What Causes Body Dysmorphic Disorder?

It is not known anything causes Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). However, like many other psychiatric diseases, dysmorphophobia may result from a combination of causes, such as:

  • Brain differences: Abnormalities in brain structure and neurochemistry may play a role in causing body dysmorphic disorder.
  • Genes: Any studies show that Body dysmorphic disorder is more common in people whose blood relatives also have this condition or obsessive-compulsive disorder.
  • Environment: Your situation, experience, and culture can contribute to body dysmorphic disorder, especially if they involve negative social evaluation of your body(BDD), self-esteem, or even child neglect or abuse.


Risk Factors Of Body Dysmorphic Disorder

Several factors appear to increase the risk of developing or running Body dysmorphic disorder, including:

  • The presence of blood relatives with the condition of the body changes in size and shape, or obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • Negative experiences such as childhood trauma and teased
  • Some personality traits, such as perfectionism
  • Societal pressures or expectations of beauty
  • The presence of other mental disorders, such as anxiety or depression


Complications of Body Dysmorphic Disorder

Complications that may occur caused by or associated with dysmorphophobia include, as an example:

  • Major depression or other mood disorders
  • Suicidal thoughts or behavior
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Health problem behaviors, such as skin picking
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • Eating disorders
  • Drug addiction


Body Dysmorphic Disorder Diagnosis

After a medical examination to rule out other medical conditions, your doctor may make a referral to a mental health professional for further evaluation.

Diagnosing disorders changing body size and shape are generally based on:

  • Psychological assessment, which evaluates the risk factors and the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors associated with negative self-esteem
  • Personal, social, family, and medical history

The symptoms listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, published by the American Psychiatric Association


Body Dysmorphic Disorder Treatment

Treatment of disorders of the body changes in size and shape often involves a combination of cognitive-behavioral therapy and medication.


Cognitive-behavioral therapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy for disorders of the body changes in size and shape focuses on:

  • We can help you discover how negative thoughts, emotional reactions, and behavior support problems over time.
  • Challenging automatic negative thoughts about their body image and learning a more flexible and realistic way of thinking
  • The study of alternative ways to cope with urges or rituals to help reduce inspection mirror or looking for confidence
  • Education other behaviors you to improve your mental health

You and your therapist may talk about your goals for therapy and develop an individual treatment plan for learning and strengthen coping skills.



Even though there are no drugs specifically approved by the Office of the Food and Drug Administration to treat a dysmorphic disorder of the body, the drug used to treat other psychiatric disorders, such as depression, can be effective.


Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors

Because the body dysmorphic disorder is believed to be partly due to the problems associated with the chemical serotonin brain, SSRIs may be prescribed. SSRIs are more effective for body changes in size and shape disorders than other antidepressants and can help control their obsessions and repetitive behaviors.


Other medications

In some cases, you may benefit from taking other medications in addition to SSRIs, depending on your symptoms.



In some cases, your body Dysmorphic Disorder symptoms can be so severe that you require psychiatric hospitalization. However, it is usually recommended only when you cannot keep up with the day-to-day duties or are in immediate danger of harming yourself.


Lifestyle and home remedies

Body dysmorphic disorder requires the professional handling of mental health. But you can do some things to build on your treatment plan, such as:

  • Stick to your treatment plan – Do not miss the therapy sessions, even if you don’t want to go. Even if you are feeling well, resist any temptation to skip your medications. If you stop, the symptoms may return. You may also experience withdrawal symptoms such as a bus stop medication too suddenly.
  • Learn more about their disease – Education about dysmorphophobia can give you and motivate you to stick to your treatment plan.
  • Pay attention to warning signs – Work with your doctor or physician to determine which can cause symptoms. Then, make a plan, so you know what to do if symptoms return. Talk to your doctor or physician if you notice any changes in symptoms or how you feel.
  • The practice of learned strategies – At home, practice the skills you learn during therapy to become stronger than habit.
  • Avoid alcohol and drugs – Alcohol and recreational drugs can worsen symptoms or interact with medications.
  • Action – Physical activity and exercise can help manage many symptoms, such as depression, stress, and anxiety. Consider walking, jogging, swimming, gardening, or taking other forms of physical activity you enjoy. However, to avoid excessive exercise as a way to correct the perceived deficiency.


Coping and support.

Please talk with your doctor or therapist about improving your survival skills, as well as ways to focus on identifying, monitoring, and change negative thoughts and behaviors about their appearance.

Consider these tips to help deal with Body Dysmorphic Disorder:

  • Write in a journal – This can help you better identify negative thoughts, emotions, and behavior
  • Not close – Try to participate in everyday activities and regularly get together with friends and family, acting as nutritional support.
  • Take care of yourself – Eat healthily, stay physically active and get enough sleep.
  • Read reputable self-help books – Consider talking about them with your doctor or therapist.
  • Join a support group – Communicate with other users with similar problems.
  • Focus on your goals – Recovery is an ongoing method. Stay motivated by following your recovery goals in mind.
  • Learn relaxation and stress management – Try stress management techniques such as meditation, yoga, or tai chi.
  • Important decisions are not taken when you feel despair or suffering – you can not think clearly and may regret your decision later.



There is no known method to prevent body dysmorphic disorder. However, since Body dysmorphic disorder often begins in early adolescence, identifying diseases early and starting treatment may benefit.

Long-term maintenance treatment may also help prevent the recurrence of symptoms of body dysmorphic disorder.