Catarrhal gastritis is a disease of the digestive tract, in which there is an acute inflammation of the entire gastric mucosa or part of it since aggressive factors act on the mucosa. They are: mechanical, temperature, drug, viral, alimentary, chemical, and bacterial.

The disease appears quite suddenly, develops rapidly, and can lead to ulcers or stomach bleeding if you do not contact a specialist in time.

Approximately 50% of people living in the world have this disease. Most often, at the first stage of the disease, 10-15% seek help. The rest of the people come to medical institutions when the disease becomes more complex. It is diagnosed among school and university students because at this age most junk food is eaten, which is often eaten dry along with everything else.

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Types of catarrhal gastritis

The following types of catarrhal gastritis:

  • Acute atrophic gastritis

Acute catarrhal gastritis appears when a person often consumes heavy food and alcohol, experiences stress, regular nausea, an unpleasant aftertaste in the mouth and weakness appear. Acute catarrhal gastritis interferes with the regeneration of the gastric mucosa.

  • Chronic catarrhal gastritis

Chronic catarrhal gastritis is a started acute catarrhal gastritis. With it, the gastric mucosa is destroyed, sensitivity to certain foods appears, heaviness in the stomach and heartburn occur, and appetite decreases.

  • Antral catarrhal gastritis

Antral catarrhal gastritis is a massive infection with Helicobacter pylori bacteria. Low acidity allows them to multiply rapidly and enter the gastric mucosa, which causes an inflammatory and irritant effect.

  • Diffuse  catarrhal gastritis

With diffuse catarrhal gastritis, inflammation occurs throughout the gastric mucosa. Food begins to digest worse and worse. Because of this, rotting occurs in the stomach and bloating and belching appear. This type is one of the causes that provoke cancer.

  • Atrophic catarrhal gastritis

Atrophic catarrhal gastritis appears due to a defect in the genetic part, which results in the formation of proteins. They are quite aggressive towards the proteins of the mucosa itself. The glands of the mucous membrane atrophy, as the immune system reacts to what is happening. The cells of the mucous epithelium become inflamed and die.

  • Focal catarrhal gastritis

Focal gastritis affects only a portion of the abdomen. There is pain, nausea, and vomiting. Focal catarrhal gastritis appears due to taking pills on an empty stomach, overeating, and eating junk food and drinks.

  • Distal catarrhal gastritis

With distal catarrhal gastritis, the membranes of the distal segment are damaged. Its difference from others is that in this type of gastritis, the vessels swell and ulcers appear very quickly.

  • Polypous catarrhal gastritis

Polypous catarrhal gastritis is characterized by the fact that a lot of polyps appear on the gastric mucosa (mainly on the back). With it, a person is sick, pain, vomiting, and weakness appear.

 

Causes

Most often, catarrhal gastritis appears due to the intake of junk food, overeating, excessive drinking of alcohol, carbonated drinks, spicy foods, etc.

In addition, constant and independent use of medications, toxic damage to the digestive system, infectious damage, an allergic reaction to a particular product, and more can lead to catarrhal gastritis.

 

Symptoms of catarrhal gastritis

The first signs of this type of gastritis appear within a few hours after a person has eaten food. Severe intense pain, dizziness, weakness, and nausea begin to appear.

In addition, there are other symptoms:

  • Vomit
  • Rotten egg smell from the mouth
  • Muscle cramps
  • White or dirty yellow coating on the tongue
  • Dry mouth
  • Heat
  • Bloating
  • Pale skin
  • Vomit contains bile or mucus
  • Tachycardia
  • Diarrhea
  • Shiver

In the absence of timely treatment, the symptoms of catarrhal gastritis intensify and progress, it flows into erosive, and then into phlegmonous.

 

Diagnosis of the disease

To identify catarrhal gastritis as the first symptom, you must go to the clinic and do not self-medicate at home, as this can worsen your condition.

To diagnose catarrhal gastritis, the doctor must examine and question the patient (what he ate from food, whether he has bad habits, whether there were recent nervous shocks), prescribe a biochemical and clinical blood test, analysis of vomit, donation of feces and urine, and conduct an endoscopic tissue biopsy stomach, examine its juice, conduct electrogastrography, computed tomography, radiography, and endoscopic biopsy.

After identifying gastritis, the doctor must select drugs depending on the characteristics of the human body and the type of catarrhal gastritis, and prescribe a special diet.

 

Complications

If a person does not receive a doctor’s consultation promptly and does not begin treatment, then catarrhal gastritis can lead to complications such as:

  • Pancreatitis
  • Internal bleeding
  • The appearance of ulcers in the stomach
  • Intoxication
  • Stomach cancer

Therefore, having noticed the first signs of gastritis, you should contact a specialist and follow all his recommendations.

 

Treatment of catarrhal gastritis of the stomach

With timely treatment, improvement can occur within a few days, and full recovery occurs within a few weeks. To do this, you must strictly follow all the doctor’s recommendations: diet, medication, regimen, and so on. Patients with severe catarrhal gastritis may be hospitalized.

 

Folk remedies

Folk remedies are best used as an addition to the doctor’s recommendations, as they will not be able to completely cure gastritis. You also need to take into account the characteristics of your body. Here are some recipes from traditional medicine:

  • Mix 150 grams of honey and 300 milliliters of aloe juice. Take for a month 2-3 times a day, two tablespoons.
  • Finely chop the root of the lapukh, pour boiling water over it, and leave for half a day (500 milliliters of boiling water per 1 tablespoon). During the day you need to drink 100 milliliters.
  • Mix 500 milliliters of olive oil with a glass of honey, add lemon juice to it, and take it before meals three times a day.
  • Grate 5 young potatoes, squeeze the juice, and drink immediately. Take 10 days.
  • Wash and clean well 100 grams of wheat and pour filtered water at room temperature. When the grains germinate, grind them with a meat grinder and add unrefined vegetable oil. Take 4-5 times a day before meals.

 

Forecast

This type of gastritis can be treated quite well and quickly if you contact a specialist promptly and strictly follow all his instructions. Full recovery will come within a month.

 

Prevention

To prevent the occurrence of catarrhal gastritis, you should eat fatty, fried, spicy, and unhealthy foods as little as possible, try not to overeat and starve, be careful about choosing a diet, give up bad habits, lead an active life, do not self-medicate, do not choose your drugs, be less nervous and observe personal hygiene. If possible, you should be examined by at least one specialist every six months or year.

 

Conclusion

In order not to put yourself in danger, you need to monitor your health and take care of it. It must be understood that nutrition is one of the important criteria that affect our internal and external state. And also remember that diseases can sit inside you for a long time without manifesting themselves. Therefore, you must not forget to visit clinics and conduct examinations.