What is Narcissistic personality disorder?
A narcissistic personality disorder is a mental disorder in which people have an inflated sense of self-worth, a deep need for admiration, and a lack of empathy for others. But behind this mask lies ultra confidence, fragile self-esteem, that vulnerability to the slightest criticism.
Narcissistic personality disorder causes problems in many areas of life, such as relationships, work, school, or financial affairs. For example, you can be generally dissatisfied and disappointed when you did not give special privileges or admiration you think they deserve. As a result, others may not like to be around you, and you may find your relationship is unfulfilling.
Narcissistic personality disorder symptoms
A narcissistic personality disorder is one of several types of personality disorders. Personality disorders are conditions in which people have traits that make them feel and behave in socially distressing ways, limiting their ability to function in relationships and other areas of their life, such as work or school.
If you have a narcissistic personality disorder, you can come across as arrogant, boastful, or pretentious. You often monopolize conversations. You can belittle or look down on the people you perceive as inferior. May feel a sense of entitlement – and when you do not get a special treat, you can become impatient or angry. You can insist on the ‘best of all -., For example, a better car, a sports club or medical care.
At the same time, you have a problem, which can be seen as a criticism of the processing. For example, you can have a secret feeling of insecurity, shame, vulnerability, and humiliation. To feel better, you can respond with anger or contempt and belittle the other person to make yourself look better. Or you may feel depressed and moody because you do not reach perfection.
Many experts use the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders criteria published by the American Psychiatric Association to diagnose mental conditions. Insurance companies also use this guide to reimburse for treatment.
DSM-5 criteria for narcissistic personality disorder include the following functions:
- With an exaggerated sense of self-importance
- While waiting to be recognized as superior without even achievements that require it
- Exaggerating their achievements and talents
- It is preoccupied with fantasies of success, power, brilliance, beauty, or ideal mate.
- Believing that you are above and can only be understood by or associated with an equally special people
- It requires a constant delight
- Having a sense of right
- Expecting privileges and unquestioning compliance with your expectations
- Taking advantage of others to get what you want
- With the inability or unwillingness to recognize the needs and feelings of others
- Being envious of others and believe others envy you
- Doing great things down or
Although some features of narcissistic personality disorder may seem that having a belief that it is not the same, narcissistic personality disorder crosses the border of healthy confidence to think so highly of yourself that you put yourself on a pedestal and appreciate yourself more than you value others.
When to see a doctor
When you have a narcissistic personality disorder, you can not think that something could be wrongdoing this will not fit your self-esteem of power and perfection. People with narcissistic personality disorder are likely to seek medical help when they develop symptoms of depression. – Most of the alleged criticism or rejection
If you recognize aspects of your personality that are common for narcissistic personality disorder or you’re feeling overwhelmed by sadness, consider asking a trusted doctor or mental health. Getting the proper treatment can help make your life more rewarding and enjoyable.
Narcissistic personality disorder causes
It is not known what causes narcissistic personality disorder. As with other mental disorders, the cause is likely complex. Narcissistic personality disorder may be associated with:
- Inconsistencies in the parent-child relationship or excessive indulgence or excessive criticism
- Genetics or psychobiology – the connection between the brain and behavior and thinking
Narcissistic personality disorder Risk factors
A narcissistic personality disorder is rare. However, in childhood and adolescence, children may show traits of narcissism. Still, it may just be typical for their age and does not mean that they will develop a narcissistic personality disorder.
The narcissistic disorder affects more men than women, and it often begins in adolescence or early adulthood.
Although the cause of narcissistic personality disorder is unknown, some researchers believe that the biologically vulnerable children, parenting styles, which overestimate the child’s uniqueness and criticize the fears and failures, may be partly responsible. As a result, a child can hide low self-esteem, developing a superficial sense of perfection and behavior, which shows the need for constant admiration.
Narcissistic personality disorder Preparing for your appointment
You can start to see your doctor, or your doctor may immediately refer you to a mental health provider, such as a psychiatrist.
What can you do
Before your appointment, make a list:
- There are symptoms you are having and how long to help determine which types of events are likely to make you feel angry or defeat
- Enter your data, including traumatic events in your past and any current significant stressors
- Your medical information, including other physical or mental health that you have been diagnosed
- Any medication, vitamins, or other supplements you are taking and the dosages
- Questions to ask your mental health provider so you can make the most of your appointment
Take a trusted family member or friend along, if possible, to help remember the details. In addition, someone who knows you for a long time may have a valuable opportunity to ask questions or share important information with the mental health provider.
Some basic questions to ask your mental health care provider include:
- What is a narcissistic personality disorder?
- Can I have other terms of mental health?
- What is the goal of treatment?
- What treatments are most likely to be effective for me?
- How much do you expect my quality of life can improve with treatment?
- How often will I need therapy sessions, and for how long?
- Whether family or group therapy be helpful in my case?
- Whether Are there medicines that can help?
- I have these other health conditions.
- How can I best manage them together?
- Are there any brochures or other printed material that I can have?
- What sites do you recommend?
Do not hesitate to ask questions at any time during your appointment.
What to expect from your mental health provider
of mental health services is likely to ask you a lot of questions to get an idea about your symptoms and how they affect your life. He or she may ask:?
- What are your symptoms?
- When these symptoms occur, and how long they last
- As your symptoms interfere with your life, including school, work, and personal relationships
- How are you feeling? – And act – when? others seem to criticize or reject you
- Do you have any close personal relationships? If not, then how do you explain that as a disadvantage?
- What are your main achievements?
- How do you feel when someone needs your help?
- What are your main goals for the future?
- How do you feel when someone expresses complex feelings such as fear or sadness to you?
- How would you describe your childhood, including your relationship with your parents?
- Have any of your relatives been diagnosed with mental health problems such as a personality disorder?
- Have you been treated for any other mental health problems? If so, what treatments are most effective?
- You use alcohol, or illegal drugs, Do you? How often?
- Are you currently being treated for any other medical conditions?
Narcissistic personality disorder tests and diagnostics
Narcissistic personality disorder is diagnosed on the basis of:
- Signs and symptoms
- A thorough psychological evaluation, which may include filling in the questionnaire
- Physical exam, make sure that you do not have a physical problem that is causing your symptoms.
Some features of narcissistic personality disorder are similar to other personality disorders. Furthermore, it is possible to diagnose more than one personality disorder at the same time.
Narcissistic personality disorder Treatments and drugs
Psychotherapy – Narcissistic disorder treatment is centered around conversation therapy, also called psychotherapy. Psychotherapy can help you:
- Learn to relate better with others so that your relationship is more intimate, enjoyable, and rewarding
- To understand the cause of your emotions and what drives you to compete, to trust others, and may despise yourself and others.
Because quality may be difficult to change, treatment may take several years. Areas of change aimed at helping you to take responsibility and learn to:
- Adopt and maintain a real personal relationship and cooperation with the staff
- Recognize and accept your actual competence and capacity so that you can tolerate criticism or failure
- Increase your ability to understand and manage their feelings
- Understand and tolerate the impact of problems associated with your self-esteem
- Release the pursuit of unattainable goals and ideal conditions, and get the recognition that it is achievable and what you can do
Medicines – There are no medications specifically used for the treatment of narcissistic personality disorder. However, if you have symptoms of depression, anxiety, or other conditions, medicines such as antidepressants or anti-anxiety medications may be helpful.
Narcissistic personality disorder Lifestyle and home remedies
You may feel defensive about treatment or think it’s too much. The nature of the narcissistic disorder may also leave you feeling that the therapy is not worth your time and attention, and you may want to quit
However, it is important to:
- Impartially. Focus on the rewards of treatment.
- Stick to your treatment plan. Visit scheduled therapy sessions and take any medications as directed. Remember that it can be hard work, and you can have occasional setbacks.
- Learn about it. Educate yourself about the narcissistic disorder to better understand the symptoms, risk factors, and treatments.
- Get treatment for drug addiction or other mental health problems. Your habits, depression, anxiety, and stress can feed off each other, leading to a cycle of emotional pain and unhealthy behavior.
- Learn relaxation and stress management. Try methods of stress reduction processes, such as meditation, yoga, or tai chi. They can be calming and soothing.
- Focus on your goal. Recovering from a narcissistic personality disorder takes time. Stay motivated by keeping your recovery goals in mind and reminding yourself that you can repair damaged relationships and be happier with your life.
Narcissistic personality disorder Complications
Complications of narcissistic personality disorder, if left untreated, may include:
- Difficulties in relationships
- Problems at work or school
- Drug or alcohol abuse
- Suicidal thoughts or behavior