Obsessive-Compulsive disorder is characterized by unreasonable thoughts and fears that lead you to make repetitive patterns of behavior. In addition, you can have only obsessions or compulsions only and still OCD.
With OCD, you may or may not understand your obsessions are not reasonable, and you can try to ignore them or stop them. But this only increases stress and anxiety. In the end, you feel compelled to perform intrusive actions in an attempt to relieve your stressful feelings.
Obsessive-Compulsive disorder often centers around a theme, such as fear of getting contaminated by microbes. To ease your fears of contamination, you may compulsively wash your hands until they are sore and cracked. Despite attempts to ignore or get rid of the bothersome thoughts, thoughts or impulses continue to come back. That leads to more religious behavior. And the vicious cycle that is typical for OCD.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Symptoms
Obsessive-compulsive disorder symptoms usually include both obsessions and obsessions. But it is also possible to have only the symptoms of obsession or compulsion symptoms only. For example, around one-third of people with OCD also involve sudden, short, or intermittent traffic sounds.
- Symptoms Obsession
OCD obsessions are repeated, persistent and unwanted urges or images that cause stress or anxiety. You could try to get rid of them, performing a ritual or compulsion. These obsessions typically intrude when you’re trying to think or to do other things,
Obsessive often have themes to them such as:
- Fear of dirt or contamination
- Having things orderly and symmetrical
- Aggressive or horrific thoughts of harming themselves or others
- Unwanted thoughts, including aggression or sexual or religious objects
Examples of signs and symptoms of obsessions include:
- The fear of being contaminated by shaking hands or touching objects others have touched.
- Doubts that you’ve locked the door or turned off the stove
- Intense stress, when things are not orderly or a person in a certain way
- Image hurting yourself or someone else
- Thoughts on shouting obscenities or acting illegally
- Avoiding situations that could cause obsessions, such as a handshake
- The disaster of unpleasant sexual imagery echoing in the mind
Obsessive-Compulsive disorder obsessions are repeated patterns of behavior that you feel driven to perform. These repetitive behaviors are designed to prevent or reduce anxiety associated with your obsession or prevent something terrible. However, participation in the enforcement does not bring any pleasure and can only offer temporary relief from tension.
You can also make rules or rituals to follow that help control your anxiety when experiencing obsessions. But, unfortunately, these obsessions are often not rationally connected to the prevention of dangerous events.
As with obsessions, compulsions usually have a theme, such as:
- Washing and cleaning
- demanding assurances
- Following a strict procedure
Examples of compulsive signs and symptoms include:
- Handwashing while your skin is damp
- Check the door several times to make sure they are locked
- Checking the oven several times to make sure it is turned off
- Counting in certain patterns
- Silently repeating a prayer, a word or phrase
- Arranging your canned goods to face the same path
Symptoms usually begin gradually and typically vary in severity throughout life. Symptoms usually worsen when you experience more stress. OCD, the disorder considered life, can be so severe and time-consuming that it becomes off.
Most adults recognize that their obsessions and compulsions do not make sense, but that’s not always the case. Children can not understand what happened.
When to see a doctor
There’s a difference between being a perfectionist and having OCD. OCD thoughts are not simply excessive worries about real problems in your life. For example, maybe you keep the floors in your home is so clean that you could eat them. Or do you like your knickknacks arranged just so. This does not necessarily mean that you have OCD.
If you are obsessive-compulsive and affect the quality of your life, please get in touch with your doctor or mental health. People with obsessive-compulsive disorder may be ashamed and embarrassed about the condition, but treatment can help.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Causes
The cause of the obsessive-compulsive disorder is not fully understood. Major theories include:
Biology: OCD may result from changes in the natural chemistry or brain function of your body. OCD may also have a genetic component, but specific genes have not been identified.
Environment: Some environmental factors, such as infections, are offered as a trigger for an obsessive-compulsive disorder, but more research is needed to be sure.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Risk Factors
Factors that can increase the risk of developing or running obsessive-compulsive disorder include:
- Family history: The presence of parents or other family members with the disorder can increase your risk of OCD.
- Stressful life events: If you have experienced traumatic or stressful events or tend to react strongly to stress, your risk may increase. The reaction may, for any reason, cause intrusive thoughts, rituals, and emotional distress characteristic of obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Complications
People with obsessive-compulsive disorder can have additional problems. For example, some of the following issues may be related to obsessive-compulsive disorder and may exist in addition to other obsessive-compulsive disorders but may not be caused by these.
- Unable to attend work, school, or social activities
- Troubled relationships
- Generally, the poor quality of life
- Anxiety disorders
- Eating disorders
- Suicidal thoughts and behavior
- Alcohol or other substance abuse
- Contact dermatitis from frequent hand washing
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Tests and diagnosis
To help diagnose the OCD, your doctor or mental health provider may do exams and tests, including:
- Physical exam – This can prevent other problems causing your symptoms and check for any related complications.
- Laboratory tests: These may include, for example, calculation of a complete blood count, screening drugs and alcohol, and check your thyroid function.
- Psychological evaluation – a doctor or mental health provider asks about your thoughts, feelings, symptoms, and behaviors. Your doctor may also want to talk to family or friends with your permission.
The diagnostic criteria for obsessive-compulsive disorder
To be diagnosed with OCD, you must meet the criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, published by the American Psychiatric Association. . This manual is used in the field of mental health professionals to diagnose mental conditions and by insurance companies to reimburse for treatment
General criteria necessary for the diagnosis of the obsessive-compulsive disorder include:
- You must have either obsessions or compulsions, or both.
- You may or may not understand your obsessions and compulsions are excessive or unreasonable.
- obsessions and compulsions are significantly time-consuming and interfere with your daily life and social or work functioning
Your obsessions must meet the following criteria:
- Repeated, persistent and unpleasant thoughts, impulses, or images are intrusive and cause. distress
- You try to ignore these thoughts, ideas or inspirations, or to suppress their compulsive behavior
Compulsions must meet the following criteria:
- You feel driven to perform repetitive behaviors, such as handwashing, or repetitive mental acts, such as counting silently.
- You are trying to neutralize the obsessions with other thoughts or actions.
- These behaviors or mental acts are intended to prevent or reduce suffering, but they are excessive or not related to the problem they are designed to correct.
Sometimes difficult to diagnose OCD because the symptoms can be similar to obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, anxiety disorders, depression, schizophrenia, or other mental illnesses. Someone with true obsessions and compulsions has OCD, although it is possible to have OCD and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder. Be sure to stick to the diagnostic process so that you can get an appropriate diagnosis and treatment.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Treatments and drugs
Obsessive-compulsive disorder may not lead to a cure, but it can help you get the symptoms under control so that they do not rule your daily life—some individuals need treatment for the rest of their lives.
The two main methods of treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder are psychotherapy and medication. Often, the most effective treatment is with the combination of them.
The type of therapy called to impact and to prevent the reaction is the most effective treatment. This therapy involves gradually exposing your feared object or obsession, such as dirt, and you know, having a healthy way to cope with anxiety. Of course, exposure therapy requires effort and practice, but you can enjoy a better quality of life as soon as you learn to manage your obsessions and compulsions.
Therapy can take place in individual, family, or group lessons.
Some psychiatric medications can help control obsessions and obsessions of OCD. But, most often, antidepressants are first attempted.
Antidepressants, which the Food and Drug Administration has approved for the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder include:
However, other antidepressants and psychotropic drugs are used for other conditions as may be prescribed by the label to treat obsessive-compulsive disorder.
- Selection of drugs
With OCD, it is not uncommon to have to try several medications before finding one that works well to control their symptoms. It may take several weeks to months after starting a medication to notice an improvement in your symptoms. Your doctor may also recommend a combination of drugs, such as antidepressants and antipsychotic drugs, to make them more effective in fighting the symptoms.
Do not stop taking medicine without talking to your doctor, even if you feel better – you may have a relapse of OCD symptoms. In addition, antidepressants are not considered addictive, and sometimes physical dependence, which differs depending on them, may occur. So abruptly stopping a treatment or multiple doses can cause similar abstinence symptoms; the syndrome is sometimes called termination. Instead, work with your doctor to gradually and safely reduce the dose.
Side effects and risks of treatment
In general, treating OCD with medications that effectively control the symptoms and signs at the lowest possible dosage. Here are some things to consider:
- Side effects: All psychiatric drugs have potential side effects, including stomach upset, insomnia, sweating, and decreased interest in sex. Events. Talk to your doctor about possible side effects and about any health monitoring required when taking psychiatric drugs. Let your doctor know if you experience disturbing side effects.
- The risk of suicide: Most antidepressants are generally safe, but the FDA requires that all comply with the most stringent warning for recipes. In some cases, children, adolescents, and young people under the age of 25 may increase suicidal thoughts or behavior when taking antidepressants, especially in the first few weeks after starting or changing the dose. If thoughts of suicide occur when taking an antidepressant, immediately contact your doctor or get emergency help. Keep in mind that antidepressants are more likely to reduce the risk of suicide in the long term by improving mood.
- The interaction with other substances: Some drugs may have dangerous interactions with other medications, food, alcohol, or other substances. Tell your doctor about all medications and over-the-counter substances you are taking, including vitamins, minerals, and herbal supplements.
Sometimes, medication and psychotherapy aren’t are effective enough to control the symptoms of OCD. Continued research on profound brain stimulation potential efficacy in treating an obsessive-compulsive disorder that does not respond to traditional treatment approaches.
Since DBS has not been thoroughly tested for use in treating obsessive-compulsive disorder, make sure you understand all the pros and cons and possible health risks.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Lifestyle and home remedies
Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a chronic disease, which means that it can always be a part of your life. While you can not treat OCD on your own, you can do some things for yourself that will build a treatment plan:
- Take your medicines as directed: Even if you feel well, resist any temptation to skip your medications. If you stop, the OCD symptoms are likely to return.
- Pay attention to warning signs: You and your doctors may have identified problems that can cause the symptoms of OCD. Make a plan, so you know what to do if symptoms return. Talk to your doctor or physician if you notice any changes in symptoms or how you feel.
- Check before taking other medicines: Consult your doctor, who attended to the OCD, before taking the medication prescribed by another doctor or taking any over-the-counter medications, vitamins, minerals, and herbal supplements. They can interact with your OCD drugs.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Coping and support
Fight with obsessive-compulsive disorder can be challenging. Medications can have unwanted side effects, and you may feel embarrassed or angry about a condition that requires long-term treatment. Here are some ways to help cope with OCD:
- Learn more about OCD: Education about your condition can motivate you to stick to your treatment plan.
- Join a support group: Support groups for OCD can help you reach out to others facing similar challenges.
- Stay focused on your goal: Recovery from obsessive-compulsive disorder is a continuous process. Stay motivated by keeping your recovery goals in mind.
- Find healthy outlets: Explore healthy ways to channel your energy, such as hobbies and leisure activities. In addition, regular exercise, eating a healthy diet, and getting enough sleep can positively influence your treatment.
- Learn relaxation and stress management: Try stress management techniques, such as meditation, muscle relaxation, deep breathing, yoga, or tai chi.
- Stick with your everyday activities: Going to work or school as usual. Spend time with family and friends. Do not let OCD interfere with your life. If OCD is penalized for activities or your daily routine, work with an experienced doctor to do the exposure to reduce the destruction.
Preparing for your appointment
You can start to see your primary doctor. However, an obsessive-compulsive disorder often requires specialized care; you may be referred to a supplier in the field of mental health services, such as a psychiatrist or psychologist, for evaluation and treatment.
What can you do to prepare for the assignment? Think about your needs and goals for treatment?
- Make a list of any symptoms you have noticed, including any that may not seem related to the appointment of the reason.
- Write down key personal information, including any major stresses or recent life changes.
- Take a list of all the medicines, vitamins, herbal medicines, or other additives and dosages.
Make a list of questions you want to ask. For OCD, the main questions to ask may include:?
- Do you think I have OCD?
- How do you treat OCD?
- As the treatment can help me?
- Are there any medications that might help?
- Will talk therapy help?
- How long is the treatment?
- What can I do to help myself?
- Are there any brochures or other printed material that I can have? Can you recommend sites?
If you do not understand something, do not hesitate to ask questions.
What can we expect from your doctor?
Your doctor may ask you some questions. Being ready to answer them may reserve time to go over any points you want to spend more time on. Your doctor may ask:
- Do specific thoughts go through your mind again and again, despite your attempts to ignore them.
- Do you have to have things arranged in a certain way??
- If you have to wash your hands, count things, or check things over and over again?
- When do your symptoms begin?
- Whether the signs are continuous or occasional?
- What, if anything, seems to improve the symptoms?
- What, if anything, appears to worsen the symptoms?
- How do symptoms affect your daily life?
- On a typical day, how much time do you spend on obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors?
- Have any of your relatives have a mental illness?
- Did you experience any trauma or major stress?
There’s no sure way to prevent obsessive-compulsive disorder. However, to receive