Paranoid personality disorder belongs to one of the eccentric disorders, Patients who suffer from eccentric disorders display unusual behaviors. They are always restless and mistrustful. They mistrust people without any proper reason or evidence. Evidence has shown this paranoid personality disorders begin during childhood and this is more common among males. According to the statistic data around 2.2% – 4.5% of the population supper from this condition. People who suffer from this personality disorder are at a greater risk of developing depression and anxiety disorders in the future.
What are the symptoms of Paranoid Personality Disorder?
These patients always behave unusually, but they will never believe that they have unusual behaviors.
They start feeling suspicious of others.
They always have mistrusting behaviors. Such behaviors will make many family problems and affect family relationships.
They always believe that family members, life partners, and friends are unfaithful.
They believe that they have lied to their family members and loved ones.
A combination of depression and anxiety symptoms can present. They become isolated from society.
It became difficult for them to work cooperatively with others. So they make trouble with the people they associate with.
They express their anger quickly and become depressed easily.
They become very difficult to relax.
What are the causes of Paranoid Personality Disorder?
The actual reason behind this personality disorder has not yet been diagnosed. Most of the research studies have shown that the combined effect of environmental and biological factors has been involved in developing such disorders.
There are many instances where children who experienced trauma during childhood have developed personality disorders. The family history of schizophrenia has also increased the risk of developing this disorder.
Other than the above reasons low income, experiencing the separation of life partners unmarried males have been involved in developing personality disorders.
What are the risk factors behind Paranoid Personality Disorder?
In addition to the genetic factors, environmental factors are the factors that mostly increase the risk of developing personality disorders. Children who experience abuse, trauma, and emotional problems are considered as the major environmental risk factors.
How to diagnose Paranoid Personality Disorder?
During the diagnosis process, your doctor will start the diagnosis with the health history. Assessment of the personal health history will also help in the diagnosis process.
Complete physical examination of the patient will help in diagnosing other health issues which are related to the condition and other signs which are not relevant to the Paranoid Personality Disorder.
Psychiatric can conduct the further diagnosing of the condition and conduct relevant tests.
The comprehensive assessment conducted by the mental health professionals will help in identifying the issues they have faced during childhood.
The final decision is made by a mental health professional. And further management is also decided by the mental health professionals.
How to treat a patient with Paranoid Personality Disorder?
There is evidence that this personality disorder can be treated successfully. But the initiation of the treatment is not easy. As the patients who suffer from Paranoid Personality Disorder do not accept that they have a personality disorder and they reject treatments. But there are instances where some of the patients will accept their condition and give their full support for the treatments. In such conditions, psychotherapy and talk therapy will help those patients greatly.
During the treatments, the mental health professional will help the patient to understand their condition and treat them and help them to deal with their difficult situations. Teaching them to build good communication skills will help them greatly. The professionals will help them to get rid of paranoia symptoms.
There may be instances where the patients experience mental health disorders secondary to Paranoid Personality Disorder. Depression and anxiety are two common mental conditions that affect these patients. Pharmacological treatment methods can help them greatly to resolve such symptoms.
Anti-depressants are used to prevent depressive and anxiety symptoms.
Mood stimulants can be given to improve the mood of the patient.
Benzodiazepines belong to psychotic drugs and can be used to slow the activity of the bran. This helps the patient to relieve anxiety symptoms.
A combination of pharmacological treatments and psychotherapy will be needed to treat these patients successfully.
Psychotherapy for Paranoid Personality Disorder mainly focuses on developing the patient’s coping skills. .Psychotherapy can be used to enhance their empathy, trust, self-esteem and improve their communication skills. Cognitive-behavioral therapy also comes under psychotherapy treatments. These therapies can be used effectively to improve the patient’s behaviors. It helps the patients in understanding their thoughts that turn into unusual behaviors.
What are the complications that can observe within patients with PPD?
The main complication is the poor life quality. As this personality disorder affects relationships, there is a higher risk of addiction. Many untreated patients with personality disorders will get addicted to drugs and alcohol.
How to cope with Paranoid Personality Disorder?
It became very easy to cope with the patients who accept the treatments. If the patient is not ready to accept the treatments there may be various issues. The patient can make the life of the others in trouble. The whole family becomes unhappy and depressed. In such situations, you and the family needed to cope with the situation. You can understand the health status of the patient and can involve in minimizing the troubles.
Lifestyle changes and home remedies to treat PPD
Learn about the condition and try to actively participate in the treatment options.
Try to keep the antidepressants and benzodiazepines away from the patient and try to administer them at the right time.
If the patient is having anxiety and depressive symptoms try to use foods that are rich in omega 3 fatty acids and folic acid. Provide enough sleep for the patient. Make the environment calm and quiet.
There is a chance to increase the weight of the patient when using antidepressants for a longer period. Considering such changes may help the patient to cope with the physical changes.
How to prevent Paranoid Personality Disorder?
If there is a family history of personality disorders, be alert about the personality changes. So the treatments can begin at the initial stages.
Do not consider the abuse reports and trauma reports simply. Be alert and use cognitive-behavioral therapies to prevent the occurrence of personality disorders within children.