What Is Schizoaffective Disorder
Schizoaffective disorder – is a condition in which a person experiences a combination of schizophrenia symptoms – such as hallucinations or delusions. And mood disorder symptoms, such as mania or depression.
Schizoaffective disorder is not well understood or well defined in other terms of mental health. Schizoaffective disease is a combination of mental illness – including schizophrenic and mood disorder features – which can run a unique course in each affected person.
Without treatment, people with schizoaffective disorder can lead a lonely life and. have difficulty holding a job or go to school. Or, they can pretty much rely on family or live in supported living environments, such as group homes. Treatment can help control the symptoms and improve the quality of life for people with schizoaffective disorder.
The symptoms of schizoaffective disorder
The symptoms of schizoaffective disorder vary from person to person. People who have the condition are experiencing psychotic symptoms – such as hallucinations or delusions – and mood disorders: mood disorder or bipolar disorder, or depression.
Psychotic symptoms and mood disorders may co-occur or appear on and off alternately. a schizoaffective course usually shows cycles of severe symptoms followed by periods of improvement, with less severe symptoms.
Signs and symptoms of schizoaffective disorder may include, inter alia:
- Brad – having false, fixed beliefs.
- Hallucinations, such as hearing voices
- Key depressed mood episodes
- Possible periods of manic mood or a sudden increase in energy and behavioral manifestations which of the characters
- Violation of occupational and social functioning
- Problems associated with purity and appearance
- Paranoid thoughts and ideas
When to see a doctor
If you think someone you know may have symptoms of schizoaffective disorder, talk to that person about their problems. While you can not force someone to seek professional help, you can offer encouragement and support and help your loved one find a qualified doctor or mental health provider.
Causes of Schizoaffective Disorder
The exact cause of the schizoaffective disorder is not known. A combination of factors can contribute to its development, such as:
- Genetic links
- Brain Chemistry
- Delays or changes in brain development
- Exposure to toxins in the womb or a viral disease, or birth complications
Risk Factors of schizoaffective
Factors that increase the risk of schizophrenic disorders include having a close biological relative who has:
- Bipolar disorder
- Schizoaffective disorder
Schizoaffective disorder Complications
People with schizoaffective disorder have an increased risk of:
- Social isolation
- Anxiety disorders
- Developing alcohol or other problems with substance abuse
Preparing for your appointment
If you are looking for help for someone with a mental illness, you can begin to see their family doctor or general practitioner or Referred to a psychiatrist.
What can you do
To prepare for the appointment:
- Make a list of any of your loved ones experiencing symptoms, including any that may not seem related to the appointment reason.
- Bring critical personal information and include any significant stresses or recent life changes.
- Would you please make a list of medications, vitamins, herbal products, and any other additives that they take and dosages?
- Go with your loved one to the appointment so you know what you’re facing and what you can do to help.
- Make a list of questions to ask your doctor.
To help you make the most of your time.
For schizoaffective disorder, some basic questions to ask include:?
- What is likely to cause symptoms or condition
- Is there any other possible causes
- How will you determine the diagnosis?
- Is this condition likely temporary or long-term?
- What treatments do you recommend for this condition?
- What are the side effects of the drugs commonly used for this condition?
- If the treatment method is not practical, what do you recommend then?
- What kind of counseling can help?
- Whether there is a common alternative to the medicine, your purpose?
- Are there any brochures or other printed material that I can have?
- What sites do you recommend?
If you do not understand something, do not hesitate to ask questions.
What can we expect from your doctor?
Your doctor may ask you some questions. Being ready to answer them may reserve time to go over any points you want to focus on. Your doctor may ask:?
- When your loved one begins to experience symptoms
- Whether the symptoms are continuous or were random
- Has your loved one talked about suicide
- How your favorite operation in daily life – are they eating regularly, bathing regularly, going to work or school
- They expressed their other family members, or friends care about the behavior of your loved one?
- Have any of your favorite relatives have been diagnosed or treated for mental illness?
Schizoaffective disorder, tests, and diagnostics
When doctors suspect someone has a schizoaffective disorder, they typically ask for medical and psychiatric histories, conduct a physical examination, and run medical and psychological tests, such as:
- Blood tests, drug screening, and imaging studies
They may include a lab test called a complete blood count, other blood tests that can help eliminate conditions with similar symptoms, as well as the screening of alcohol and other drugs. Your doctor may also request imaging studies such as MRI or CT scans.
- Psychological evaluation.
A doctor or mental health provider will check the mental state by observing appearance and demeanor and asking about thoughts, moods, delusions, hallucinations, substance abuse, and the potential for violence or suicide.
The diagnostic criteria for schizoaffective
To be diagnosed with schizoaffective disorder, a person must meet the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders criteria specified. This guide, published by the American Psychiatric Association, used by mental health providers to diagnose mental conditions
DSM criteria for the diagnosis of schizoaffective disorder include:
- Mood disorder, along with schizophrenia
- Delusions or hallucinations for at least two weeks, even if the mood disorder symptoms are controlled.
- Mood disorder present for the majority of the time during a schizophrenic illness
Schizoaffective disorder Treatments and drugs
People with the schizoaffective disorder generally respond best to a combination of drugs and counseling. However, the treatment varies depending on the type and severity of the symptoms and whether the type of disorder is depression or bipolar type.
In general, doctors prescribe medication to relieve the symptoms of psychosis, stabilize mood and treat depression. However, the only drug approved by the Food and Drug Administration Office specifically for treating schizoaffective disorder is the antipsychotic drug paliperidone.
Nevertheless, a number of drugs approved to treat other mental health conditions may also be useful for schizoaffective disorder. These drugs include:
Doctors prescribe these drugs for the treatment of psychotic symptoms such as delusions, paranoia, and hallucinations. In addition to paliperidone and other neuroleptics, which can be defined include clozapine, risperidone, olanzapine, and haloperidol.
- Stabilizing drug mood
When schizoaffective disorder bipolar type, mood stabilizers may align the ups and downs of bipolar disorder, also known as manic depression. People with bipolar disorder have episodes of mania and depressed mood. Examples include mood stabilizers lithium and Divalproex. In addition, anticonvulsants such as carbamazepine and valproate may also be used for their mood-stabilizing properties.
When the depression of the major mood disorder, antidepressants can treat feelings of sadness, hopelessness, or difficulty sleeping and concentrating. Conventional medications include citalopram, fluoxetine, and escitalopram.
In addition to medication, psychotherapy, also known as talk therapy, can help normalize thinking patterns, teach social skills, and reduce social exclusion.
- Psychotherapy and counseling
Building trusting relationships in therapy may help people with schizoaffective disorder better understand their condition and feel hope for their future—practical sessions to focus on the actual plans, issues, and relationships.
- Family or group therapy
Treatment may be more effective when people with schizoaffective disorder discuss their problems in the real world with others. A settings support group can also help reduce social exclusion and provide a reality check during periods of psychosis.
Coping and support
The schizoaffective disorder requires constant treatment and support. People with schizoaffective disorder may benefit from:
- Family Support Group
- Peer and social ties and support
- Social skills for work or school
- Help in maintaining a healthy lifestyle, including self-service, regular physical activity, and healthy eating