What is Schizoid personality disorder?
A schizoid personality disorder is an uncommon condition in which people avoid social activities and consistently avoid interaction. It affects more men than women. If you have a schizoid personality disorder, you can see how a single and you cannot lack the desire or ability to form close personal relationships.
For others, you may seem a bit boring or humorless. Because you tend not to show emotion, you can show that you do not care about what is happening around you. So while you may appear on the side, you can feel lonely, even if it’s hard for you to keep in mind. Or you may feel much more at ease in solitude and feel comfortable with your life.
Schizoid Personality Disorder Causes
The exact causes of schizoid personality disorder are unknown. However, a combination of genetic and environmental factors – particularly in early childhood – increases the risk of developing the disease.
Schizoid Personality Disorder Symptoms
People with schizoid personality disorder are loners. If you have this condition, you probably:
- I prefer to be alone and usually choose solitary activities
- Independence Award and have few close friendships
- I feel confused about how to react to typical social cues and tend to have little to say,
- Feel little if any desire for sexual relations
- I feel unable to experience pleasure
- They come off as dull, indifferent, or emotionally cold
- Feel unmotivated and tend to fall behind in school or work
Personality disorders begin in early adulthood, but not later. Some of these trends perhaps first became apparent in childhood. They also occur in a variety of social and personal situations. They can either cause you to have problems functioning well at work, socially or in other areas of life. However, you can do quite well in your career if you primarily work alone.
If you have a schizoid personality disorder, you may not know how to form friendships, or you may feel too anxious around other people to try it, so you give up and turn inward.
A schizoid personality disorder is considered part of the schizophrenia spectrum disorders, including schizotypal personality disorder and schizophrenia. These conditions all have similar symptoms, such as being strictly limited opportunities to make social connections along with a lack of emotional expression.
However, in contrast to the schizotypal personality disorder and schizophrenia, people with schizoid personality disorder:
- There are in touch with reality – they are unlikely to experience paranoia or hallucinations.
- It makes sense when they speak, but the tone cannot be animated – as opposed to the emitted from someone with schizotypal personality disorder or schizophrenia, which is usually strange and challenging to follow.
Personality disorders classes
Another way of understanding personality disorders was grouped in their classes. For example, schizoid personality disorder and schizotypal and paranoid personality disorders are grouped as class A personality disorders. A type of disorder is odd or bizarre behavior. They differ from class B – the dramatic and emotional behavior – and P – disturbing and frightening behavior.
When to see a doctor
Treatment of schizoid personality disorder usually seeks people who are bothered by the related problems such as depression, in cases where the insulation or other annoying symptoms of anxiety, psychotherapy can be helpful.
If someone close to you called you to ask for help with the symptoms common to schizoid personality disorder, make an appointment with a doctor from primary care or mental health.
If you suspect a loved one may have a schizoid personality disorder, gently suggest that people seek medical attention. This could help to offer to go with them on a first date.
Schizoid personality disorder risk factors
Factors that increase the risk of schizoid personality disorder include:
- The presence of a parent or other relative who has a schizoid personality disorder, schizotypal personality disorder, or schizophrenia
- With parent that was not cold or emotional needs to react
- Being hypersensitive or thin skin in your early teens and have these needs treated with disdain or annoyance
- Suffering child abuse, neglect, or other abuse
Schizoid personality disorder preparing for your appointment
You will probably start first to see their family doctor or a general practitioner. However, in some cases, when you call to set up an appointment, you may be referred immediately to a psychiatrist.
What can you do?
In order to prepare for the appointment, make a list:
- There are symptoms that you or your family notices. Include how long you have had symptoms.
- Enter your data. Include any traumatic events in your past and present, the primary stress factors.
- Your health information.
- Enable Other conditions of physical or mental health, as well as family history.
- All medications and doses. Include prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, or other supplements that you take.
- Questions to ask your doctor,
- Having a list prepared can help you make the most of your time together.
Take a family member or friend along, if possible. Someone who knows you for a long time may have an opportunity to ask questions or share information with your doctor that you do not remember to bring up.
Examples of questions you can ask your doctor include:
- What is likely causing my symptoms or condition?
- What are other possible causes?
- Is my condition likely temporary or long-term?
- How can treatment help me?
- What kind of treatment can be effective for me?
- Are there medications that can help?
- If you recommend a medication, what are the possible side effects?
- How can I expect my symptoms to improve with treatment?
- I have other health conditions. How can I best manage them together?
- Are there any brochures or other printed material that I can have? What sites do you recommend?
In addition to the questions you’ve prepared, do not hesitate to ask other questions during your appointment.
What to expect from your doctor
In order to start talking about your mental health, your doctor may ask questions such as:
- What are the problems or symptoms that worry you?
- How do these symptoms bother you?
- Have you noticed that your symptoms are worse in certain situations? If so, what were these situations, and how do you cope with them?
- Do you have close friends or relatives? If not, then it bothers you?
- How would you describe yourself?
- How often do you choose to do things on your own?
- Do you trust anyone who is not in your immediate family?
- Have you ever thought about harming yourself or others?
- Have you ever actually done it?
- What do you prefer to do in your spare time?
- Have your family members, or friends have expressed concern about your behavior?
- Have any of your close relatives have been diagnosed or treated for mental illness?
- Do you drink alcohol or use drugs? If yes, how often?
Schizoid personality disorder tests and diagnostics
You are diagnosing schizoid personality disorder, as a rule, based on in-depth interviews with your doctor about your symptoms and your medical and personal history. Your doctor may perform a physical examination to rule out other conditions that may be causing or contributing to your symptoms. If your initial visit to a primary care doctor, you will probably be referred to a mental health professional for further evaluation.
To be diagnosed with schizoid personality disorder, you must meet the criteria specified in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, published by the American Psychiatric Association. Schizoid personality disorder diagnosis includes four or more of these characteristics:
- You are neither the desire nor enjoy close relationships, including being part of the family.
- You will almost always choose solitary activities.
- Do you have little, if any, interest in a sexual experience with another man?
- You take pleasure in few, if any, activities.
- Do not have close friends or confidants other than first-degree relatives.
- You do not seem to care about the praise or criticism.
- You seem to be emotionally cold, detached, and expressionless.
For schizoid personality disorder to be diagnosed, doctors must rule out conditions with similar symptoms.
Schizoid Personality Disorder Treatments and drugs
If you have a schizoid personality disorder, you may prefer to go your way and avoid interaction with other people, including doctors. You may be so accustomed to life without emotional intimacy that you are not sure you want to change – or that you can.
You could agree to begin treatment only at the urging of a family member concerned about you. But professional help from a therapist experienced in the treatment of schizoid personality disorder can have a significant positive impact. Treatment options include:
Medicines – Although there is no specific drug for treating schizoid personality disorder, some medications may help the symptoms. For example, if you have symptoms of anxiety or depression, your doctor may prescribe a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor. Or, while antipsychotic drugs are not routinely part of the treatment, they may be used to help with flattened emotions and social problems.
Talk therapy – If you feel you would like to have a closer relationship, a modified form of cognitive-behavioral therapy can help you change the beliefs and behaviors that are a problem for you. A doctor with experience in treating a schizoid personality disorder is likely to understand your need for personal space and how difficult it is for you to open up about his inner life. They can keep going to you without pushing too hard.
Group therapy – The purpose of individual treatment may be a group setting in which you can interact with other people who are also practicing new interpersonal skills. Over time, group therapy can also provide a support structure and increase social motivation.
With proper treatment and a qualified therapist, you can make significant progress and improve your quality of life.