People with schizotypal personality disorder are often described as odd or eccentric and typically have little, if any, close relationship. As a rule, they do not understand how relationships form or the impact of their behavior on others. They can also distort the motivation and behavior of other people and develop a significant mistrust of others.

These problems can lead to severe anxiety and a tendency to turn inward in social situations. A person with schizotypal personality disorder inadequately responds to social cues and has specific beliefs.

A schizotypal personality disorder is usually diagnosed in early adulthood and is likely to suffer, although the treatment may improve symptoms such as drugs and therapies.

Schizotypal personality disorder



Schizotypal personality disorder symptoms

Schizotypal personality disorder typically includes five or more of these signs or symptoms:

  • Being a loner and did not have close friends outside of the immediate family
  • Incorrect interpretation of events, such as the feeling that what is actually harmless or innocuous has a direct personal meaning
  • His eccentric or unusual thinking, beliefs, or mannerisms
  • Wearing distinctive ways, such as unkempt appearance or wearing strange clothes matched
  • Belief in special powers, such as telepathy or superstitions
  • Unusual sensations, such as feeling the presence of the missing man or who have illusions
  • Persistent and excessive social anxiety
  • His style of speech, such as vague or unusual forms of speaking, or rambling enough during a conversation
  • Suspicious or paranoid thoughts and persistent doubts about the loyalty of others
  • Flat emotions or limited or inadequate emotional reactions

Symptoms of SPD, such as an increased interest in a solitary activity or a high level of social anxiety, can be seen in adolescence. The child may be an outsider at school or appear socially out of step with their peers, and the result is often bullied or teased.


Schizotypal personality disorder against schizophrenia

Schizotypal personality disorder can easily be confused with schizophrenia, in which people lose contact with reality. However, while schizotypal personality disorder may experience brief psychotic episodes with delusions or hallucinations, episodes are not as frequent, prolonged, or intense as schizophrenia.

Another important difference is that people with SPD tend to be aware of the difference between their ideas and distorted reality. But, unfortunately, those who have schizophrenia usually can not be swayed from their errors.

Despite the differences, people with a schizotypal personality disorder may benefit from procedures similar to those used to treat schizophrenia. A schizotypal personality disorder is sometimes considered the spectrum with schizophrenia, with a schizotypal personality disorder being less serious.


When to see a doctor

People with schizotypal personality disorder are likely to seek care only at the insistence of friends or relatives. If you suspect that a friend or family member may have a disorder, you can gently suggest that people seek medical advice from a physician, primary care, or mental health provider.


Schizotypal personality disorder causes

Personality is a combination of thoughts, emotions, and behaviors that make you unique. This is the way you look, understand, and relate to the outside world, as well as how you see yourself. Personality forms during childhood are shaped by the interaction of inherited tendencies and environmental factors.

In normal development, children learn over time to accurately interpret social cues and respond appropriately. What went wrong for a person with a schizotypal personality disorder is unknown, but changes in the brain’s functions and genetics may likely play a role.


Schizotypal personality disorder Complications

People with schizotypal personality disorder are at increased risk:

  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Work, school, relationships, and social problems
  • Other personality disorders
  • Problems related to alcohol or drugs
  • Suicide attempts
  • Temporary psychotic episodes, usually in response to stress
  • Schizophrenia


Schizotypal personality disorder diagnosis

People with SPD may seek help from their primary care physician because of other symptoms, such as anxiety, depression, or anger, or substance abuse treatment.

After the physical examination to exclude. other medical conditions, your primary service provider may refer you to a provider for Mental Health for further evaluation

The diagnosis of schizotypal personality disorder is usually based on:

  • Thorough interviews about your symptoms
  • Your personal and medical history
  • Symptoms listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, published by the American Psychiatric Association


Schizotypal personality disorder treatment

Schizotypal personality disorder treatment often includes a combination of drugs and one or more types of therapy. In addition, many people can help the work and social activities suited to their personality style.


Psycho-therapy, also known as talk therapy, can help people with SPD trust others by creating a trusting relationship with the therapist.

Psychotherapy may include:

  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy – Define and change the distorted thinking patterns, studying specific social skills and behavior problems.
  • Maintenance therapy – Offering support and assistance to the adaptive skills.
  • Family therapy – With the participation of family members can help reduce hostilities or emotional distance and increase the confidence of the house.



There are no medications approved by the Food and Drug Administration, especially for treating schizotypal personality disorder. However, doctors can prescribe antipsychotic, mood stabilizer, an antidepressant, or anti-anxiety medication to help relieve some of the symptoms such as psychotic episodes, depression, or anxiety. In addition, some medications can help reduce distorted thinking.


Schizotypal personality disorder addictive and support

The symptoms of schizotypal personality disorder can be improved over time through experience that helps foster positive traits:- Self-confidence, faith in its ability to overcome difficulties, and a sense of social support.

Factors which appear likely to reduce the symptoms of this disorder include:

  • Positive relationships with friends and family
  • A sense of achievement at school, at work, and in extracurricular activities


Preparing for your appointment

You’re likely to start by seeing your primary care doctor. However, in some cases, when you call to set up an appointment, you may be immediately transferred to a psychiatrist.

Take a family member or friend along, if possible. With your permission, someone who knows you may answer questions or share information with your doctor that you do not think to bring up for a long time.

Here is some information to help you prepare for your appointment


What can you do

Before the appointment, make a list:

  • Any symptoms you or your family notice and how long. Ask friends or family members if they feel concerned about your behavior and what they noticed.
  • Enter your personal data, including traumatic events in your past and any current main stressors. In addition, learn about your family’s medical history, including any history of mental illness.
  • Your medical information, including other conditions, physical or mental health, that you have been diagnosed with.
  • All the medications you are taking, including the names and doses of any medications, herbs, vitamins, and other supplements you are taking.
  • Questions you want to ask your doctor, To make the most of your appointment.


Examples of questions you can ask your doctor include:

  • What is likely causing my symptoms?
  • What are other possible causes for my symptoms?
  • Does my the condition likely temporary or chronic?
  • What procedures are likely to be effective for me?
  • How can I expect my symptoms to improve with treatment?
  • How often do I need psychotherapy, and for how long?
  • Are there medications that can help?
  • Whether there is a common alternative to the medicine you’re prescribing?
  • If you recommend a medication, what are the possible side effects?
  • I have these other health conditions. How can I best manage them together?
  • Are there any brochures or other printed materials that I can take? What sites do you recommend?

Feel free to ask any other questions during your appointment.


What can we expect from your doctor?

Your doctor may ask you some questions. Be prepared to answer them to reserve time to go over the points that you want to spend more time on. Your doctor may ask:

  • What are your symptoms?
  • When you or your family first noticed these symptoms
  • How are your symptoms affecting you? Your life?
  • Let your family members or friends have expressed concern about your behavior?
  • Do you feel comfortable in social situations? Why or why not?
  • Do you have any close relationships?
  • If you are not satisfied with work, school, or relationships that you think is your problem?
  • Have you ever thought about harming yourself or others? Have you ever actually done it?
  • Should you ever felt that other people can control their thoughts or that you could influence other people and events through your thoughts?
  • Have any of your close relatives have been diagnosed or treated for mental illness?