What Is Somatic symptom disorder?
Somatic symptom disorder/Psychosomatic disease implies significant attention to physical symptoms – such as pain or fatigue – to such an extent that it causes severe emotional distress and problems functioning. You may or may not have other diagnosed diseases associated with these symptoms.
Excessive thoughts, feelings, and behavior in response to physical symptoms can lead to frequent visits to the doctor. Do you often think of the worst signs and continue to search for explanations, even when other severe conditions have been ruled out? Health concerns can become a central focus of your life; it’s hard work, sometimes resulting in disability.
If you have a psychosomatic illness can be considerable emotional and physical suffering. Treatment can help relieve symptoms, can help you cope, and improve your quality of life.
Somatic symptom disorder Symptoms
The symptoms of psychosomatic illnesses can be:
- Unique sensations such as pain or shortness of breath, or more general symptoms such as fatigue or weakness
- Unrelated to any medical reasons, which be identified, or in connection with health conditions, such as cancer and heart disease, but more important than what is typically expected
- One symptom of multiple symptoms or different symptoms
- Mild, moderate, or severe
Pain is the most common symptom, but regardless of your symptoms, you have unwanted thoughts, feelings, or behaviors associated with these symptoms, which cause serious problems that make it difficult to work, and sometimes you can disable.
Excessive thoughts, feelings, and behavior can include:
- Having a high level of concern about potential disease
- Given the normal bodily sensations as a sign of severe physical illness
- Fearing the medical severity of the symptoms, even if there is no evidence to support that concern
- Assessing the physical trends as threatening, harmful, or causing problems
- The feeling that the medical examination and treatment was not adequate
- Fearing that physical activity can cause damage to your body
- Re-check your body for abnormalities
- Frequent health visits that do not release your worries or that make them worse
- It is immune to medical care or unusually sensitive to the side effects of the drug.
- With more severe impairment than would generally be expected of a health condition
for psychosomatic diseases, more important than the specific physical symptoms that you experience, how do you interpret and respond to the symptoms, and how they affect your daily life.
When to see a doctor
Since you are concerned about physical symptoms and disease, you can start seeing your primary care doctor. Because symptoms may be associated with health problems, it is essential to evaluate your health care provider if you are not sure what causes the symptoms.
If your provider says that you can have a psychosomatic illness, they may refer you to a provider of mental health services.
Caring for a loved one
When physical symptoms are considered psychosomatic diseases occur, it can be challenging to accept that life-threatening disease has been eliminated as the cause. Symptoms cause genuine disaster for human and reinsurance are not always helpful. Encourage your loved one to consider in the field of mental health areas, to find ways to cope with the symptoms of a reaction to any disability it causes.
Physical disabilities can lead a person to be addicted and need more physical care and emotional support, which can exhaust the teachers and cause stress on families and relationships. If you feel overwhelmed by your role as an educator, you can talk to a professional in mental health to address your own needs.
Somatic symptom disorder Causes
The exact cause of psychosomatic disorders is not clear, but none of these factors can play a role:
- Genetic and biological factors, Such as increased sensitivity to pain
- Influence of the family, Which may be congenital or environmental effects or both
- The negative trait of personality, Which may affect how to identify and perceive the illness and physical symptoms
- Lowering or raising problems with processing emotion causing bodily symptoms to become the center of attention, not emotional problems
- learned behavior – For example, note or other benefits derived from the presence of the disease; or ‘pain behavior’ in response to symptoms such as excessive avoidance of activities that can improve your level of disability
Somatic symptom disorder Risk factors
Risk factors of psychosomatic diseases include:
- The presence of anxiety or depression
- Having a medical condition or the removal of a single
- Under the threat of a medical condition, such as having a strong family history of the disease
- Experiencing stressful life events, trauma, or violence
- Having experienced previous trauma such as childhood sexual abuse
- Having a low level of education and socio-economic status
Somatic symptom disorder Preparing for your appointment
In addition to the medical assessment, your primary service provider may refer you to a psychiatrist or psychologist for evaluation and treatment.
What can you do
Before the appointment, make a list:
- Your symptoms including when they first occurred and how they affect your daily life
- Critical personal information, including traumatic events in your past and any stress, significant events
- Medical knowledge, including other conditions, physical or mental health, that you have
- Medications, vitamins, and other additives, as well as dose
- questions ask your doctor ask a trusted family member or friend to go with you to your appointment, if possible, to provide support and help you remember information.
Questions to ask the provider of mental health
Ask your provider questions such as:?
- if I have a psychosomatic disease
- What treatment approach do you recommend
- Whether the therapy to be helpful in my case
- If you are recommending therapy, how often do I need it, and how long?
- If you recommend a medication, are there any possible side effects?
- How long do I need to take medicine?
How will you monitor whether my treatment is working?
- Whether there are any self-care steps, I can take to help manage your condition?
- Are there any brochures or other printed material that I can have?
- What sites do you recommend?
do not be shy. ask any other questions
What can we expect from your doctor?
A doctor or mental health provider may ask:
- What are your symptoms, and when did they first meet?
- As your symptoms interfere with your life, for example, at school, at work, and in personal relationships?
- Are you or any of your close relatives have been diagnosed with mental health problems?
- Have you been diagnosed with any diseases?
- Do you use alcohol or recreational drugs? How often?
- Do you get regular exercise?
Somatic symptom disorder Tests and diagnosis
For a diagnosis, you are likely to have a physical examination and any tests your doctor recommends. In addition, your doctor or other health care provider can help determine if you have any health conditions that need treatment.
Your doctor may also refer you to a mental health provider. He or she can:
- To conduct a psychological evaluation, to talk about your symptoms, stress, family history, fears or problems, relationship problems, and other issues affecting the lives of
- You fill out a questionnaire or psychological self-esteem
- Ask about alcohol, drug, or other substance use
The criteria for diagnosis
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, published by the American Psychiatric Association, emphasizes these points in the diagnosis of psychosomatic diseases:
- You have one or more somatic symptoms that are distressing or cause your daily life issues.
- Have excessive and persistent thoughts about the severity of your symptoms, you have consistently high levels of concern about your health or signs, or you devote too much time and energy to your symptoms or health problems.
- You continue to have symptoms that affect usually have for more than six months, even though the symptoms vary.
Somatic symptom disorder and drug treatment
The goal of treatment is to improve your symptoms and your ability to function in daily life. Psychotherapy, particularly cognitive behavioral therapy, may be helpful in psychosomatic diseases. Sometimes the agents may be added.
Since the physical symptoms may be related to psychological distress and a high level of health anxiety, psychotherapy -. Also called talk therapy – it can help improve the physical symptoms.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy can help you:
- Examine and adapt their beliefs and expectations about health and physical symptoms
- Learn how to reduce stress
- Learn how to cope with physical symptoms
- Reduced absorption of symptoms
- Reducing the prevention of situations and activities due to the uncomfortable physical sensations
- They are improving their daily functioning at home, at work, in relationships, and social situations.
- Address depression and other mental health disorders
Family therapy can also be a helpful way of exploring family relationships and improving family support and functioning.
Antidepressant medication may help reduce the symptoms associated with depression and pain that often occur with psychosomatic diseases.
If one medication does not work well for you, your doctor may recommend switching to another or combining certain medications to improve efficiency. Keep in mind that it may take a few weeks after the launch of the first medication to notice the improvement in symptoms.
Talk to your doctor about medication options and potential side effects and risks.
The somatic symptom disorder Lifestyle and home remedies
While somatic disorders benefit from the professional treatment of the symptoms, you can make some lifestyle and self-care steps, including these:
- Work with your provider.
Would you please work with your doctor and mental health provider to determine a schedule of regular visits to discuss their problems and build trust? Also, examine the establishment of reasonable limits on the tests, assessments, and conclusions of experts. Avoid consultations with several doctors or emergency room visits, making your care more difficult to coordinate and exposing you to duplicate testing.
- Practice stress management techniques and relaxation
Learning stress management and relaxation techniques such as progressive muscle relaxation can help to improve symptoms.
- Get physically active.
A graduated program of activities can have a calming effect on your mood, improve your physical symptoms and help improve your physical function.
- Participation in the events.
Be involved in the work, social, and family events. Do not wait until the symptoms are not allowed to participate.
- Avoid alcohol and recreational drugs.
Substance use can make your care more difficult. Talk to your doctor if you need help to care.
Somatic symptom disorder complications
The psychosomatic disease may be associated with:
- Poor health
- Problems of functioning in everyday life, including physical disability
- Related problems relationship
- Problems at work or unemployment
- Other psychiatric disorders, such as anxiety, depression, and personality disorders
- Increased risk of suicide associated with depression
- Financial problems due to excessive visits to health care
Prevention somatic symptom disorder
- Little is known about how to prevent psychosomatic illnesses. However, these recommendations can help.
- If you have problems with anxiety or depression, seek professional help as soon as possible.
- Learn to recognize when you are stressed and how it affects your body – and regularly practicing stress management techniques and relaxation
- If you think of psychosomatic illnesses, get treatment. Early to help stop the symptoms from getting worse and deteriorating quality of life.
- Stick to your treatment plan to help prevent the recurrence or exacerbation of symptoms.