What Is Stress fractures?
Stress fractures are tiny cracks in the bone. Stress fractures are caused by repeated use of force, often excessive – such as repeatedly jumping up and down or running over long distances. Stress fractures can also result from regular use of the bone that has been weakened by conditions such as osteoporosis.
Stress fractures are most common in weight-bearing bones of the lower leg and foot. Athletes are particularly susceptible to stress fractures, but anyone can experience stress fractures. If you start a new exercise program, for example, you may be at risk if you do too much too soon stress fracture.
Stress fractures are tiny cracks in the bones – mainly in the weight of water-bearing bones of the lower leg and foot.
Stress fractures symptoms
First, the pain associated with stress fracture may be barely visible, but it tends to deteriorate over time. Second, tenderness is usually originated from a particular spot and decreases during the holidays. Finally, you may also experience some swelling around the painful area.
When to see a doctor
Talk to your doctor if your pain is severe or persists even at rest.
Stress fractures Causes
stress fractures caused by repeated application of more force than the bones of the legs and lower legs usually are. This force causes an imbalance between bone resorption and bone growth, both of which go on all the time. Repetitive pressure contributes to the turnover of bone cells, but you add new bone cells when you’re at rest.
If your bones are subjected to unusual force without sufficient time for recovery, you will see resorption of bone cells faster than you can replace them. As a result, you develop ‘tired bones.’ Continued, repeated force causes tiny cracks in the bone-weary. These cracks progress to become stress fractures.
Stress fractures Risk factors
Factors that may increase the risk of stress fractures include:
- Some sports – Stress fractures often occur in people who participate in sports such as athletics. , Basketball, tennis or gymnastics
- Superactivity – Stress fractures are common in people who suddenly go from a sedentary lifestyle to an active training regimen – such as a military conscript subjected to intense exercise hiking or an athlete rapidly increasing intensity, duration, or frequency of workouts.
- Sex – Women who have abnormal or absent menstrual periods are at higher risk for stress fractures.
- Foot problems – People with flat feet or high, rigid arches are more likely to develop stress fractures.
- Weakened bones – conditions such as osteoporosis can weaken your bones and make it easier for stress-fractures to occur.
Stress fractures Preparing for your appointment.
You’re probably in the first place to bring your concerns to the attention of your family doctor. If you are a competitive athlete, you can go directly to a doctor specializing in the musculoskeletal system.
What can you do
Before the appointment, you can write a list of answers to the following questions:
- Whether there is any activity that makes your symptoms better or worse
- What other types of health problems do you have
- If? you are a woman, you are regular menstrual periods?
- What types of medications and dietary supplements do you take regularly?
What can we expect from your doctor
Your doctor may ask questions such as:?
- When your symptoms begin
- What types of sports and activities do you enjoy
- What have you recently increased your physical activity?
- Have you experienced broken bones in the past?
Stress fractures Tests and diagnosis
While doctors may sometimes diagnose stress-fractures of the medical history and physical examination alone, imaging tests are often necessary to confirm the diagnosis.
In many cases, no stress fractures occur at regular X-rays taken after your signs and symptoms begin. It often takes several weeks – and sometimes longer than a month. – For the proof stress-fractures to show up on X-rays
A few hours before a bone scan, You will receive a small dose of radioactive material through an intravenous line. The radioactive substance accumulates most in those areas where bones are repaired – showing an image scanning as bright white spots. However, many bone problems are similar to a bone scan, so the test is not very specific for stress fractures.
Magnetic resonance imaging
MRI uses radio waves and a strong magnetic field to produce detailed images of your internal structures. MRI generally can visualize stress-fractures in the first week of the injury, and the type of test is better able to distinguish between stress fractures and soft tissue injury.
Stress fractures Treatments and drugs
To reduce the weight of the load-bearing bone healing to occur, you may have to wear a walking boot or brace, or crutches. In addition, while it is unusual, surgery is sometimes necessary to ensure the complete healing of certain types of stress fractures, particularly those that occur in areas with inadequate blood supply.
Stress fractures Lifestyle and home remedies
It is important to allow time to heal bones. It may take several months or even longer. At the same time:
Stay with the affected limb, as directed by your doctor until you are cleared to have average weight
to reduce swelling and relieve pain; your doctor may recommend applying ice packs to the affected area as needed -. up to three or four times a day for 10 minutes at a time,
Resume activity slowly
When the doctor gives the OK, slowly progress from non-weight enclosing activity. – Such as swimming – to your normal activities. High-impact activities such as jogging should be resumed gradually with the careful progression of time and distance.
Stress fractures complications
Some stress fractures do not heal properly. May lead to chronic pain. If the main reason is not solved, you may be at higher risk of fractures of the additional stresses.
Stress fractures Prevention
Simple steps can help you prevent stres- fractures.
Make changes slowly – Start any new exercise program slowly and progress gradually.
Use proper footwear – Make sure your shoes fit well and are suitable for your business. For example, if you have flat feet, ask your doctor about arch supports for your shoes.
Cross-train – Add activity with low impact on your exercise regimen to avoid repeated stressing a specific part of your body.
Get proper nutrition – To keep your bones strong, make sure your diet includes plenty of calcium and other nutrients.