Superficial gastritis is a long-term disease with periodic exacerbations, in which the upper layers of the gastric mucosa become inflamed, without affecting deep areas or worsening secretory function. If you consult a doctor in time and undergo treatment, then the gastric mucosa will recover without serious consequences for the body.

With this disease, people rarely go to medical institutions, it proceeds without any obvious clinical manifestations. Therefore, there is no accurate data on the incidence. Experts suggest that at least 50% of the world’s population suffers from superficial gastritis. It is more common in men.

Superficial Gastritis

 

Types of superficial gastritis

Superficial gastritis has various forms. Diet and medication may vary depending on the species. To accurately determine the form of superficial gastritis, you need to contact a specialist.

  1. Focal
    Focal gastritis differs in that it locally affects the gastric mucosa, not having time to cover the deep layers of the organ wall. If you consult a doctor in time and act according to his instructions, you can restore the mucous layer without any special restrictions and quite quickly.
  2. Diffuse
    Due to diffuse gastritis, glandular cells atrophy. The upper layer of the gastric mucosa is damaged, but the organ continues to function. If you do not turn to a specialist in time, the disease can flow into a chronic one. This can lead to the formation of cancer cells.
  3. Active or catarrhal
    Active or catarrhal gastritis is manifested by inflammation of the gastric mucosa. Because of the small amount of damage and minimal symptoms, people often overlook the illness by self-medicating. This attitude leads to a deterioration in the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract.
  4. Reflux gastritis
    Reflux gastritis appears due to the reflux of contents from the intestine with bile into the stomach, destroying the mucous membrane. Cells degenerate into the same type with the surface of the intestine, which can lead to a malignant form of the layer.
  5. Endogenous
    Endogenous gastritis is related to internal causes. For example, metabolic disorders, mental disorders, infections, burns, radiation, etc.
  6. Iatrogenic
    Iatrogenic gastritis appears due to the long-term use of drugs. Most often, these are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
  7. Bacterial
    The main causative agent of bacterial gastritis is the bacterium Helicobacter pylori. It disrupts the blood supply to the gastric mucosa, destroys its protective barrier, and enhances the production of hydrochloric acid.

 

Causes of superficial gastritis

Both external and internal factors contribute to the appearance of superficial gastritis. The main bacterium is Helicobacter pylori. It can be obtained by sharing utensils with an infected person, or by kissing through saliva.

Endogenous factors

  • Diseases that cause hypoxia of organs and tissues. Anemia, pulmonary and cardiac adrenal insufficiency, hypovitaminosis. Due to these diseases, the function of the mucus layer in the stomach is impaired, and hypoxia of organs and tissues occurs;
  • Genetic conditionality of the gastrointestinal tract;
  • Food allergy;
  • Damage to the valves of the gastrointestinal tract;
  • Kidney pathology.

Exogenous factors

  • Dry eating;
  • Frequent use of hot spices;
  • Irregular eating;
  • Haste, poor chewing of food;
  • Drinking large amounts of alcohol;
  • Smoking;
  • Taking medications that affect blood vessels and irritate the gastric mucosa;
  • Involved in the frequent absorption of dust particles, including metals and their salts, coal, acids, and alkaline vapors.

 

Symptoms of superficial gastritis

Depending on the type of superficial gastritis, the symptoms may vary, but, in general, the main symptom is a pain in the upper abdomen. It is mild at first but gets worse over time. In addition, there is a burning sensation in the stomach, lack of appetite, frequent nausea, belching, diarrhea, or constipation. Often patients complain of fatigue, lethargy, and fever.

One of the signs of exacerbation of gastritis is vomiting. It appears when the disease begins to progress after almost any meal. This symptom is terrible because the disease becomes atrophic, which can lead to malignant tumors.

If the above symptoms appear, you should immediately consult a specialist for an examination.

 

Diagnosis of the disease

To diagnose the disease and further treatment, you need to contact the clinic. Treating and identifying the disease yourself can make your condition worse.

An anamnesis is taken and examined to accurately diagnose the disease. It is necessary to make a general analysis of blood and urine, feces for occult blood, blood biochemistry, digestive juice, a breath test for Helicobacter, a urea test with urea, FGDS with a biopsy, ultrasound, and x-ray of the stomach.

After collecting all the tests and a thorough examination of the patient, the specialist has a complete picture, he can make an accurate diagnosis and prescribe treatment.

 

Complications of superficial gastritis

If you do not consult a doctor in time and do not start treatment, then this disease can flow into something more dangerous. For example, this can lead to the formation of ulcers on the walls of the stomach and duodenum, chronic gastritis, pancreatitis, and intoxication. Long-term disease without timely treatment is one of the causes of the formation of a malignant tumor.

 

Treatment of superficial gastritis

To treat gastritis, you need to take special drugs and follow a diet. All this may differ depending on the form of the disease, the cause, and the level of acidity. Only a doctor can prescribe you the necessary medications, and diet and prescribe the terms of treatment. Basically, treatment takes place at home, but with complications, and the appearance of additional diseases, the patient can be admitted to the hospital.

The diet should be eating 5-6 times a day. It is necessary to give up fried, smoked, spicy, hot, fresh pastries and vegetables, sour fruits, and carbonated drinks.

It is necessary to completely give up alcohol and smoking since it is almost impossible to cure gastritis with such habits.

Medical treatment

In order to overcome the disease and eliminate all the consequences of its manifestation, it is necessary to undergo a comprehensive recovery.

Example drugs:

  1. If a patient is diagnosed with Helicobacter pylori, then you need to take medications that can destroy it. For example, Levofloxacin, Amoxiclav, Sumamed
  2. Preparations that contain bismuth tripotassium dicitrate help well. They help heal damaged tissue. For example, De-nol, Alanton, Gastrofarm.
  3. To get rid of pain and burning, Rennie, Gastal, and Maalox are often prescribed. They do not cure superficial gastritis but help the patient feel better.

For the appointment of drugs and their exact dosage, you need to contact a gastroenterologist, who, based on your tests, will select the right medication for you.

 

Folk remedies

Folk remedies cannot be used as the main source of combating gastritis, but you can supplement your treatment with them by discussing their use with a specialist.

  • Sea buckthorn decoction. In half a liter of hot water, add three tablespoons of sea buckthorn fruits, boil for 10 minutes. Drink instead of tea two to four times a day.
  • White cabbage juice. Cabbage leaf juice should be taken two or three times a day for half a glass an hour before meals for about a month.
  • Plantain decoction. Pour a tablespoon of dry plantain with boiling water in a glass, wait 15 minutes, strain and drink in small sips for an hour and a half.
  • Burdock root. Grind the root, pour one teaspoon with two glasses of water, and insist for 12-13 hours. The infusion should be filtered and drunk half a glass two to four times a day.
  • Aloe with honey. Add honey to aloe juice in a ratio of 1: 1. Before each meal, take two tablespoons.
  • Potato juice. 100 mg of fresh potato juice on an empty stomach for about 10-15 days. After taking it, you need to lie down for about 10 minutes.

 

Prevention

An important criterion for prevention is to go to the clinic and get tested at least once every six months.

If an imbalance once appeared in the work of the gastrointestinal tract, then the body needs constant attention. Gastritis can return if you do not follow the right diet, drink large amounts of alcohol, and smoke.

For any unpleasant symptoms, you should consult a doctor, try to avoid nervous tension, do not work in hazardous industries, and lead an active lifestyle.

 

Conclusion

Do not close your eyes if your body is giving you signals. At the first symptoms, you should consult a doctor, without waiting for the moment when the disease becomes complicated. Also try to find time to examine the body without any reason, since not all diseases manifest themselves immediately.

 

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